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Forum Pugs > Esclarecimentos (Doenças, alimentação, curiosidadades)

Alimentos a evitar

posted Jun 18, 2012 17:32:05 by BrunoVieira
Alimentos a evitar
O facto de nós comermos as coisas, não quer dizer que eles devam comer também. Aqui está uma lista de alimentos e bebidas que os cães nunca deveram ter acesso.

Bebidas alcoólicas
Comidas e bebidas que contenham Álcool podem causar vómitos, diarreia, descoordenação, depressões do sistema nervoso central, dificuldades em respirar, tremores, acidez na corrente sanguinia, coma e mesmo a morte.

As folhas, frutos, sementes e cascas dos Abacates contêm Persin, o qual pode causar vómitos e diarreia nos cães.

Nozes de Macadâmia
As nozes da Macadâmia são geralmente usadas em cozinhados e doces. Estas nozes podem causar fraqueza, depressão, vómitos, tremores e hipertermia nos cães. Os sinais aparecem após 12 horas de ingestão e duram aproximadamente entre 12 a 48 horas.

Uvas & Passas
These fruits can cause kidney failure. In pets that already have certain health problems, the problems can be even worse.

Dough that’s made with yeast can rise and cause gas to accumulate in your pet’s digestive system. This can be painful and cause the stomach or intestines to rupture. Because the risk diminishes after the dough is cooked and the yeast has fully risen, pets can have small bits of bread as treats. However, these treats should not constitute more than 5-10% of your pet’s daily caloric intake.

Xylitol is used as a sweetener in many products, including gum, candy, baked goods, and toothpaste. It can cause insulin release in most species, which can lead to liver failure. The increase in insulin leads to hypoglycemia (lowered sugar levels). Initial signs of toxicosis include vomiting, lethargy, and loss of coordination — and can even result in seizures. Elevated liver enzymes and liver failure can be seen within a few days.

These vegetables and herbs can cause gastrointestinal irritation and could lead to red-blood-cell damage. Although cats are more susceptible, dogs are also at risk if a large enough amount is consumed. Toxicity is normally diagnosed through history, clinical signs, and microscopic confirmation of Heinz bodies. An occasional low dose, such as what might be found in pet foods or treats, likely will not cause a problem, but we recommend that you never give your pets large quantities of these foods.

Because pets do not possess significant amounts of lactase (the enzyme that breaks down lactose in milk), milk and other milk-based products can cause diarrhea and other digestive upset.

Large amounts of salt can produce excessive thirst and urination, or even sodium-ion poisoning in pets. Signs that your pet may have eaten too many salty foods include vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated body temperature, seizures, and even death.

Chocolate is bad for dogs — in fact, veterinarians consider it poison. Chocolate contains theobromine, a central-nervous-system stimulant that may cause seizures, excessive urination (leading to dehydration), and heart damage. The darker the chocolate, the more theobromine it contains. Milk chocolate is less toxic than dark chocolate, which is less toxic than baker’s chocolate. Symptoms of chocolate toxicity include vomiting, diarrhea, hyperactivity, twitching, and seizing. This is considered a veterinary emergency requiring prompt attention.

Talk to your vet to understand why certain foods are unhealthy and/or dangerous to your pets. Please take this matter seriously.

Fonte: Kong Company

Em breve irei traduzir para Português o texto, se alguém quiser ajudar, está à vontade :)
[Last edited Jun 21, 2012 16:19:53]
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